Jihād as Defense: Just-war theory in the Quran and Sunnah

Some food for thought for Islamophobes.

Blogging Theology

 ByJustin Parrot  (originally published on Yaqeen Institutejustin_parrot-blackwhite-100x100


In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful

International just-war theory crystalized after the Second World War with the signing of the United Nations Charter in 1945 and the subsequent Geneva Conventions of 1949. Article 2 of the Charter states:

All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.1

This article enshrines a concept of jus ad bellum (“justice to war”), or the principle of war as a last resort, that all non-violent means of conflict resolution must be exhausted before states enter into war with each other. Nevertheless, the Charter does not negate the right of states to defend themselves from attack, as stated in Article 51:

Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense…

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