With Juneteenth behind us but now enshrined as a Federal Holiday in the USA (if you don’t know what Juneteenth is, it’s the celebration of the emancipation of slaves in the US), it’s clear that marking the occasion carries great symbolism. However, as Jill Dennison rightly muses, symbolism doesn’t mean much without action. Racism hasn’t gone away because slavery, Jim Crow and apartheid have gone away. Racist mindsets continue to influence how people treat one another. When there are no more cases like that of George Floyd or Daunte Wright or Breonna Taylor, then and only then can we say racism has been dealt with.